Category Archives: Japanese Fortresses in Korea

Mountain Fortress 금정산성 金井山城 Sajik to PNU | Yeonsan to Gwangan.

path-DSC_7294Hiked from Sajik to PNU. memi-DSC_7194Memi in hiding.
south-gate-DSC_7211 wall-DSC_7210Had lunch near the south gate of a mountain fortress 金井山城門.pajeon-DSC_7252 pajeon-DSC_7245 makgeolli-DSC_7227Ate the pajeon. Drank the makgeolli.geum-DSC_7256mushroom-DSC_7287DSC_7281Ruins.DSC_7280 DSC_7273 the-sea-DSC_7276Gwangan, Baesan mountain, and the Pacific Ocean in the distance.tree-rocks-DSC_7302nakdong-gimhe-DSC_7297The fork that divides the Nakdong and the West Nakdong 西.top-DSC_7304 roof-pattern-DSC_7314Roof geology. tiger-magpie-DSC_7317Saw an old friend. 호랑이 | 虎狼. yum-hummus-DSC_7331Had dinner at Yammy Green near Baesan mountain. yam-hummus-DSC_7332Delicious hummus sandwiches and vegan burgers.

Walked south, towards Gwangan. pattern-DSC_7336Patterns and light on Gobun road. firestation-DSC_7344Shadows at a fire station. kim-DSC_7350French fries, beer and indoctrination.  pup-DSC_7356 Sleepy doggers, pet shop.manikins-DSC_7365Manikins. Suyeong intersection.












Jaseongdae | 자성대 | 子城臺

Headed over to Busanjin to explore the 400-year-old remains of a Japanese castle.
underpass-DSC_4615Found lots of walkers.
path-DSC_4636stairs-DSC_4632Found a couple of shrines.little-buddha-DSC_4647shrine-DSC_4639  shrine-DSC_4652Got off the main path and followed the trail around the hill.paths-DSC_4666Found Mōri Terumoto‘s fortress walls.  wall-close-up-DSC_4725wall-DSC_4661 wall-plants-DSC_4676 trees-wall-DSC_4680 wall-close-up-DSC_4700 wall-DSC_4702 wall-tree-DSC_4704Jinjiseong at the top of the hill in the Korean style of contruction.  Jinjiseong-DSC_4710 Jinjiseong-DSC_4712bridge-DSC_4719 wall-tree-DSC_4736 wall-DSC_4747 wall-DSC_4750 wall-close-up-DSC_4749 west-gate-DSC_4756West Gate reconstruction (1974) in Korean style.

See Japanese Castles in Korea 1592-98 post.

See Fortress Cats post.


Japanese Castles in Korea 1592-98 (part 1)

Turnbull, Stephen R., and Peter Dennis. Japanese Castles in Korea, 1592-98. Oxford: Osprey, 2007. Print.

Wikipedia list of Japanese castles in Korea.

Imjin war

via wikimedia

Toyotomi Hideyoshi by Kanō Mitsunobu 狩野光信 (1601) via wikimedia

Invasion led by the daimyo 大名 and general Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-98). p4

Portrait of Yi Sun-shin via wikimedia

Korean Admiral Yi Sun-sin 이순신 (1545-1598).

Invasion began “When the Korean king refused to allow the Japanese” to pass through Korea to invade Ming China .  p5.

Picture of site of wajo 倭城 of Yangsan and Hopo. p.5. (fortress 和城)

Map of castles in Jeolla and Gyeongsang province. p.6.

Picture of site of wajo of Ulsan. p.7.

“Busan Castle, an extension of the city wall on the edge of the sea, was in fact one of the best examples of a Korean fortress,” p. 9.

See Siege of Busanjin.

Dongrae Eupseong 동래읍성 (fortress) may have been just a mountain fortress/sanseong 산성 at the time of the invasion (?) p. 9.

Battle of Dongrae

via wikimedia

Siege of Busanjin

via wikimedia

The Japanese used Arquebuses p. 9.

Sketch of Ungcheon harbour p. 9.

Korean guerrillas p. 10.

Jinju fortress (first siege of Jinju “Korea’s greatest land victory of the war”) p. 10.

Picture of hill of Jaseongdae, Busanjin 부산진지성. p.11.

See wikipedia entry for Jaseongdae.

Yi Sun-shin impressed by the eupseong 읍성 of Ungcheon 웅천 p. 11.

Castles in Japan: “jinaimachi or temple towns associated with the self-governing communities of the True Land sect of Buddhism and defended by their Ikko-ikki armies”  p.13.

Jinaimachi town near Osaka.

Pure Land Buddhism wikipedia entry

Fortress defense: “tora no guchi (tiger’s mouth) gateway passage” with a “90-degree turn” p.13.

Castle of Gupo drawing. p.14.

Clay was used to make the defense structures of a castle fireproof. p. 15.

Three Wajo in Geoje island. p. 16.

Seosaengpo 서생포 (Ulsan) p. 17.

“Seosaengpo was the most important Japanese castle in Korea.”  p. 19.

Japanese fortresses in Tsushima. p. 18.